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Publication numberUS1864803 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication date28 Jun 1932
Filing date11 Jul 1929
Priority date11 Jul 1929
Publication numberUS 1864803 A, US 1864803A, US-A-1864803, US1864803 A, US1864803A
InventorsJohn M Clark
Original AssigneeJohn M Clark
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Marine and aeroplane propeller
US 1864803 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 28, 1932. J. M. CLARK 1,864,803

MARINE AND AEROPLANE PROPELLBR Filed July 11, 1929 ATTORNEY Patented June 28, 1932 JOHN M. CLARK, OF WHITESTONE, NEW YORK MARINE AND AEROPLANE PROPELLER Application filed July 11, 1929. Serial No. 377,584.

The subject of this invention has to do with the construction of propellers adapted to be used on aeroplanes or boats. I do not mean that the same propeller is used on aeroplanes and boats, but I do mean that the improvement in the construction of propellers, which I am about to describe, is equally adaptable to aeroplane propellers or boat propellers.

The object of this invention is to increase the effective area of a propeller, to give the propeller a sharper and better defined contact surface with the fluid through which it is passing, and to prevent to a very great extent. at least propeller slip, and the foaming occasioned by the slipping of the propeller.

Another object of this invention is to direct the discharge from the propeller blades, and by that, I mean that as the fluid leaves the propeller blades, it is directed'into a slotted cone, and is not whipped or churned into abubbling mass, as is so often found in smooth propellers, particularly when such propellers are operating at a high speed.

Another object of the invention is to direct the fluid discharge toward the outer edges of the propeller blades, as it is the outer edges, or tips of the propellers that are most eflicient. I have found that increased propeller efficiency is obtained when the fluid is directed toward the blade tips, to be discharged therefrom.

The means for accomplishin these objects, and others not specifically re erred to, will be fully set forth, as the specification progresses, and the following is what I consider the best means Qfcarrying out my invention. The accompanying drawing should be referred to for a complete understanding of the specification which follows.

In the drawing:

Fig. 1 shows an aeroplane propeller in rear elevation.

Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the propeller shown in Fig. 1.

" Fig. 3 shows a marine propeller.

Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken about on the line 44 in Fig. 3.

Fig. 5 is an enlarged sectional view taken about on the line 55 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 6 is an enlarged sectional view show ing modifications, and

Fig. 7 is a diagrammatic view, suggesting different shapes of grooves that may be employed.

Similar reference numerals indicate like parts in all the figures where they appear.

s aeroplane propellers and marine pros pellers operate in opposite directions, the propellers shown in Figs. 1 and 3 may be considered in reverse relation to each other. The surface of the propeller shown in Fig. 1, is that surface which in operation, may be considered the back of the propeller; that is, it is the surface nearest the aircraft, and in observing this propeller, looking from before the front of an aeroplane, the surface of the propeller observed, will be flat and smooth, as is the ordinary propeller, but the back of the propeller when viewed in the direction above suggested, and which I term the effective surface of the propeller, will be provided with a plurality of grooves, and while a number of grooves may be varied, in Fig. 1, I show four suchgrooves, as indicated by the reference characters 2, 3, 4 and 5.

It will be noted that these grooves, commencing at the hub end of each propeller blade, curve outward and away from the direction of rotation of the blade,

I have assumed that the direction of rotation of the propeller shown in Fig. 1, is that indicated by the arrow D, and that the eneral shape of the grooves in the prope ler blades, as that suggested in Fig. 5.

The number of grooves, and the angle at which they are arranged, will be determined by the length, contour and speed of the propeller, it being always had in mind that it is my desire that the grooves will tend to direct the fluid outward, to be di charged at the greatest diameter of the propeller, or that is, fairly adjacent to the wind tips, although some of the grooves, as shown at 2 and 3, are of less length than other grooves.

I consider this also important, as I believe that were all of the grooves to terminate at one point, a choking efiect might result.

My experiments have demonstrated that an increased propeller efl'ect is obtained by forcing the fluids outward toward the propeller tips.

In the propeller shown in Fig. 3, the same general arrangement of grooves is followed, but as the device shown in Fi 3, is a marine propeller, the width of the 'b a des is greater, while the length is shorter. The greater width of blades makes it advantageous to provide a greater number of grooves.

In the propeller shown, I have provided seven grooves, indicating them with the reference characters 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12,

while the propeller blades are'indicated at 13, 14 and 15. The grooves in the marine propeller are arranged in the back surface; that is, looking forward from the stern of the vessel, the grooves will be toward the eye. This follows the general idea that the grooves are upon the pressure side, or pusher side of the blade, while the opposite side may be smooth.

Because of the slower rotation, I believe that it is desirable to make the grooves in the marine propeller with somewhat sharper walls, as will be noted by observing the sectional view in Fig. 4, and comparing them with the grooves 2 to 5 inclusive in the sectional view of Fig. 5,'which is a sectional View through the aeroplane propeller.

In Fig. 7 I show a series of diagrams suggesting that to meet special, or other conditions, the grooves may be given a somewhat different shape.

In Fig. 6, I show that the effect of grooves may be obtained by the addition of a series of blocks to the surface of the propeller. These blocks are shown at 16, 17, 18, 19 and 20, and each is secured by screws, or other suitable means, as shown at 21.

It is believed from the foregoing, that the operation and the results of the operation of my device, may be fully understood, and that modifications in the shape and length of grooves, or in the general constructive features, may be made, within the scope of the appended claims without departing from the principle or sacrificing the advantages of this invention. I consider it quite important, however, that all of the grooves, or abutments, if such are used, be arranged on a true stream line, so as to reduce resistance and increase operating efficiency.

Having carefully and fully described my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. A propeller blade having a plurality of grooves in approximately one half of the surface of the blade and extending longitudinally of the blade, said grooves spaced approximately equal distances apart, and terminating at one ed of the blade.

2. A propeller aving a plurality of blades, each said blade being provided with a plurality of grooves produced in less than the entire surface of each blade, all of the grooves commencing at a point approximating the hub of a propeller and extending outward and curved to terminate at one edge of the blade in which they are produced.

JOHN M. CLARK.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2899150 *8 Sep 195211 Aug 1959 Bound vortex skin
US2972468 *31 Jan 195521 Feb 1961SfindexFull admission impulse turbine
US2997229 *8 Apr 195822 Aug 1961 Means for removing moisture from a surface
US3014640 *9 Jun 195826 Dec 1961Gen Motors CorpAxial flow compressor
US3071315 *11 Jul 19611 Jan 1963Max AlisFan attachment for sewing machines
US3282032 *12 Mar 19641 Nov 1966Bahnson CoRotating eliminator
US3973870 *4 Nov 197410 Aug 1976Westinghouse Electric CorporationInternal moisture removal scheme for low pressure axial flow steam turbine
US4354648 *6 Feb 198019 Oct 1982Gates Learjet CorporationAirstream modification device for airfoils
US4975023 *5 Jul 19894 Dec 1990Nkk CorporationLow-resistance hydrofoil
US5169290 *7 Nov 19918 Dec 1992Carrier CorporationBlade for centrifugal flow fan
US5289997 *12 Mar 19931 Mar 1994Harris B WaylonApparatus and method for reducing drag on bodies moving through fluid
US6280144 *8 Nov 199928 Aug 2001Charles S. PowersPropellers and impellers with stress-relieving recesses
US8092185 *23 Apr 200810 Jan 2012Fu Zhun Precision Industry (Shen Zhen) Co., Ltd.Impeller and cooling fan incorporating the same
US9046090 *19 Oct 20112 Jun 2015Baker Hughes IncorporatedHigh efficiency impeller
US9267427 *11 Jun 201323 Feb 2016Ford Global Technologies, LlcVariable geometry turbine vane
US20050147498 *1 Sep 20047 Jul 2005Tsan-Nan ChienHeat-dissipating module, fan structure and impeller thereof
US20060134379 *7 Apr 200422 Jun 2006Esko PulkkaMethod for reducing kinetic friction
US20070166165 *19 Jan 200619 Jul 2007Lee Yi HCooling fan for vehicle radiator
US20090196754 *23 Apr 20086 Aug 2009Fu Zhun Precision Industry (Shen Zhen) Co., Ltd.Impeller and cooling fan incorporating the same
US20110110772 *11 Nov 200912 May 2011Arrell Douglas JTurbine Engine Components with Near Surface Cooling Channels and Methods of Making the Same
US20130101446 *19 Oct 201125 Apr 2013Baker Hughes IncorporatedHigh efficiency impeller
US20140360160 *11 Jun 201311 Dec 2014Ford Global Technologies, LlcVariable geometry turbine vane
US20150354359 *22 Jan 201410 Dec 2015Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki KaishaTurbocharger impeller, method of manufacturing the same, turbocharger, and turbocharger unit
CN104251231A *28 Jun 201331 Dec 2014苏州宝时得电动工具有限公司Centrifugal impeller and blowing and inducing device comprising same
DE3716717A1 *19 May 198726 Nov 1987Usui Kokusai Sangyo KkBlaetter fuer hochgeschwindigkeits-propellerventilatoren
DE3716718A1 *19 May 198726 Nov 1987Usui Kokusai Sangyo KkBlaetter fuer niedriggeschwindigkeits-propellerventilatoren
DE102009035752A1 *3 Aug 200910 Feb 2011Wu, Wenqi, HangzhouHeavy duty and high performance propeller, has hub and blades, where squamous formations are provided in wave form at rough surface of blades and abrasion-resistant rubber coating is applied to surface of blades
Classifications
U.S. Classification416/236.00R, 415/914, 159/4.2
International ClassificationB63H1/26
Cooperative ClassificationY10S415/914, B63H1/26
European ClassificationB63H1/26