|Publication number||CN102684285 A|
|Application number||CN 201210183363|
|Publication date||19 Sep 2012|
|Filing date||5 Jun 2012|
|Priority date||5 Jun 2012|
|Publication number||201210183363.4, CN 102684285 A, CN 102684285A, CN 201210183363, CN-A-102684285, CN102684285 A, CN102684285A, CN201210183363, CN201210183363.4|
|Inventors||田应官, 高国彬, 黄明哲|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Classifications (1), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: SIPO, Espacenet|
负载与蓄电池组浮充机 Load and battery float machine
技术领域 Technical Field
 本发明涉及一种纯电动车辆负载与蓄电池组浮充机。  The present invention relates to a pure electric vehicle load and battery float plane.
 随着科学技术不断的发展，人民生活水平的提高，对节能减排，节能降耗，节能环保要求越来越高。  With the continuous development of science and technology to improve people's living standards, energy conservation, energy saving, environmental protection increasingly demanding. 利用行驶产生的空气动力能，来解决纯电动车辆浮充技术问题，必然越来越受到人们的重视。 Use of air power with energy generated to solve technical problems of pure electric vehicles float, must more and more people's attention.
 本发明的目的在于提供一种用于纯电动车辆的负载与蓄电池组浮充机，以解决纯电动车辆的负载与蓄电池组浮充技术问题。  The object of the present invention is to provide a pure electric vehicle, the load and the battery float machine to solve the load with the battery float pure electric vehicle technology issues.
 本发明为了实现上述发明目的，所采用的技术方案如下：·  To achieve the above object of the present invention, invention, technical solutions used as follows:
 一种负载与蓄电池组浮充机，包括蓄电池组、发电机和风翼组件；所述风翼组件包括四个空心风翼、风翼轴和固定在风翼轴上的旋转轮，该风翼组件安装在车辆的前部进风位置；四个空心风翼均为长条形的空心结构，长条体的两侧呈相同的非线性半椭圆型曲面形状，其前端的曲率较大，后端的曲率较小，四个空心风翼按上、下、前、后位置，与风翼轴平行的均布在旋转轮的周侧；所述发电机的驱动轴与风翼轴为同轴连接；所述发电机通过充电装置与直流母线与蓄电池连接，车辆的负载与蓄电池为并联关系。  A load with the battery float machine, including batteries, generators and wind wing assembly; said wing assembly includes four hollow wing, fixed wing and rotary wheel axle wing shaft, the wing assembly is mounted in the front of the vehicle position into the wind; four hollow wing are elongated hollow structure, both sides of the elongated body was the same type of non-linear semi-elliptical curved shape, the larger curvature of the front end curvature of the rear end of a small, four hollow wing press up, down, front and rear position, the wing parallel to the axis of the uniform in the peripheral side of the rotary wheel; the drive shaft and the shaft of the generator wing for the same shaft; said charging means connected to the generator via the DC bus and the battery, and the battery of the vehicle load in parallel relationship.
 所述发电机为一对，直接耦合在风翼转轴两端的连接法兰上。  The generator is a right, directly coupled to the shaft connecting flange wing at both ends.
 本发明的优点是提供电动车辆的负载与蓄电池组浮充工作。  Advantages of the present invention is to provide an electric vehicle with a battery float work load.
附图说明 Brief Description
 图I是本发明的在轴水平时前空心风翼Al的力学模型剖面图。  FIG. I is a mechanical model of the shaft in the horizontal cross-sectional view of the front wing Al hollow invention.
 图2是本发明的在轴水平时后空心风翼C3的力学模型剖面图。  FIG. 2 is a rear axle level at the mechanical model of the present invention cross-sectional view of the hollow wing C3.
 图3是本发明的在轴垂直时上空心风翼B2的力学模型剖面图。  FIG. 3 is a vertical hollow wing when mechanical model B2 sectional view of the shaft of the present invention.
 图4是本发明的在轴垂直时下空心风翼D4、力学模型剖面图。  FIG. 4 is perpendicular to the axis of the present invention nowadays hollow wing D4, sectional view of the mechanical model.
 图5是本发明的风翼组件的侧视结构示意图。  FIG. 5 is a side structure diagram wing assembly of the present invention.
 图6是本发明的风翼组件的俯视结构示意图。  FIG. 6 is a top view of the wing assembly of the present invention.
 附图中编号：1、前空心风翼A，2、上空心风翼B，3、后空心风翼C，4、下空心风翼D，5、风翼轴，6、旋转轮，7、法兰，8、发电机I，9、发电机II，10、涡系。  FIG numbered: 1, before the hollow wing A, 2, the hollow wing B, 3, after the hollow wing C, 4, lower hollow wing D, 5, wing shaft 6, rotating wheel 7, flange, 8, generators I, 9, generators II, 10, vortices.
具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION
 本发明的是实施例参见图5、6，包括蓄电池组、发电机8、9和风翼组件；  The present invention is an example see Figure 5 and 6, including batteries, generators and wind wing assemblies 8,9;
 所述风翼组件包括四个空心风翼1、2、3、4、风翼轴5和固定在风翼轴上的旋转轮6，该风翼组件安装在车辆的前部进风位置；四个空心风翼1、2、3、4均为长条形的空心结构，长条体的两侧呈相同的非线性半椭圆型曲面形状，其前端的曲率较大，后端的曲率较小，四个空心风翼按上、下、前、后位置，与风翼轴5平行的均布在旋转轮6的周侧；所述发电机8、9的驱动轴与风翼轴5为同轴连接；所述发电机8、9通过充电装置与直流母线与蓄电池组连接，车辆的负载与蓄电池为并联关系。  The wing assembly comprises four hollow wing 1,2,3,4, wing fixed to the rotating shaft 5 and wheel shaft 6 wing, the wing assembly is mounted in the front of the air intake of the vehicle location; four hollow wing 1,2,3,4 are elongated hollow structure, both sides of the elongated body was the same type of non-linear semi-elliptical curved shape, the larger curvature of its front end, the rear end of the curvature small, four hollow wing press up, down, front and rear position, the wing axis 5 parallel uniform circumferential side of the rotary wheel 6; a drive shaft of the generator with 8,9 wing shaft 5 the coaxial connector; the generator is connected to the DC bus 8,9 and battery by the charging device, the load and the battery of the vehicle is a parallel relationship. 所述发电机为一对8、9，直接耦合在风翼转轴5两端的连接法兰7上。 The generator is a pair of 8,9, directly coupled to the flange connection at both ends of the wing shaft 5 7.
 本发明保护范围不仅仅局限于上述具体实施方式，其他人作出非本质性改进，均属于本发明的保护范围之内。 The scope of the  The present invention is not limited to the above embodiment, the other person nonessential improvements fall within the scope of the present invention.
 本发明所称的浮充特性：蓄电池组是纯电动车辆电力车载直流系统的备用电源。  The present invention referred to float features: pure electric vehicle battery power onboard DC system standby power. 浮充线路特点，是电池组与浮充机电源线路并联地连接到负载电路上。 Float line features, is a battery pack and float machine power lines connected in parallel to the load circuit. 在正常的运行状态下，与直流母线相连的充电装置，除对常规负载供电外，还向蓄电池组提供浮充电流，这种运行方式称为全浮充工作方式，简称浮充运行。 Under normal operating conditions, the charging device is connected to the DC bus, in addition to conventional power supply load, but also to provide battery float current, this operation is called a full float work, float short run. 浮充是蓄电池组的一种供(放）电方式，系统将蓄电池组与浮充机电源线路并联连接到负载电路上，他的电压大体上是恒定的，仅略高于蓄电池组的端电压，由浮充机电源线路所供的少量电流来补偿蓄电池组局部作用的损耗，以使其能经常保持在充电满足状态而不致过充电。 Float is a battery pack for the (discharge) electric mode, the system will connect the battery pack and float machine power line in parallel to the load circuit, his voltage is substantially constant, only slightly higher than the terminal voltage of the battery pack , a small amount of current from the power line floating unit to compensate for the effects of partial loss of the battery pack, so that it can be kept in a charged state without overcharging satisfied. 因此，蓄电池组可随浮充机电源线路电压上下波动而进行充放电，当负载较轻而浮充机电源线路电压较高时，蓄电池组即进行充电，当负载较重或浮充机电源发生中断时，蓄电池组则进行放电，分担部分或全部负载。 Therefore, the battery pack can float machine with power line voltage fluctuations up and down while charging and discharging, when the load is light and floating high voltage power line machine, the battery that is charged, when the load is heavy or floating machine power occurs interrupted, the battery is discharged, share some or all of the load. 这样，蓄电池组便起到稳压作用，并处于备用状态。 Thus, the battery will play the role of regulator, and is on standby. 浮充供电工作方式可分为半浮充和全浮充两种。 Floating power supply work can be divided into two semi-floating and full floating. 当部分时间(浮充机受同步力作用下启动旋转时）进行浮充供电，而另外部分时间(浮充机停转时）由蓄电池组单独供电的工作方式，称为半浮充工作方式，或称定期全浮充工作方式。 When (when the float plane rotation by starting the synchronous force) part time floating power supply, and the other part-time (when the float plane stopped) separately powered by a battery pack work, called semi-floating work, also known as a regular full-floating work. 倘全部时间均由浮充机电源线路与蓄电池组并联浮充供电，则称为全浮充工作方式，或称连续浮充工作方式。 If all the time by the float plane parallel power lines and battery powered floating, then called the whole floating work, also known as continuous float work.
 以浮充工作方式使用的蓄电池组，其寿命一般较全充放工作方式者要长，而且可改用较小些容量的蓄电池组来代替。  battery pack used in float work, their life in general than the full charge and discharge were to work longer, and some could be replaced by a smaller-capacity battery instead.
 本发明所称的同步力，根据空气动力学中，非线性椭圆型偏微分方程理论和近似方法，通过实验和观察，对流动现象和机理进行分析，提出合理的力学模型，参加图I、图2、图3、图4，该模型遵循：运动学方面，遵循质量守恒定律；动力学方面，遵循牛顿第二定律；能量转换和传递方面，遵循能量守恒定律。  The present invention is called synchronous force, according to the aerodynamics, the theory of nonlinear elliptic partial differential equations and approximations, by experiment and observation, flow phenomena and mechanism analysis, reasonable mechanical model, participated in FIG. I, Figure 2, Figure 3, Figure 4, the model to follow: kinematics, follow the law of mass conservation; kinetics follow Newton's second law; energy conversion and delivery terms, follow the law of conservation of energy. 热力学方面，遵循热力学第一和第二定律。 Thermodynamics, following the first and second laws of thermodynamics. 介质属性方面，遵循相应的气体状态方程和粘性，导热性的变化规律等。 Media Properties aspect, follow the appropriate gas equation and viscosity, thermal conductivity variation and the like. 空心风翼在行驶空气中穿过将气流分隔开来，参见图1，一部分空气从空心风翼上方流过，另一部分从下方流过。 Hollow wing through the air with an air flow separated, see Fig. 1, from the hollow part of the air flowing through the air above the wing, and the other from below flows. 空气的流动在日常生活中是看不见的，但低速气流的流动却与水流有较大的相似性，日常的生活经验告诉我们，当水流以一个相对稳定的流量流过河床时，在河面较宽的地方流速慢，在河床较窄的地方流速较快，流过空心风翼的气流与河流中的流水类似。 Air flow in daily life is invisible, but the flow of low-speed air stream has a greater similarity to water, the daily life experience tells us that when the water flow at a relatively steady flow through the bed, in the river than the wide local slow flow in narrow riverbed where faster flow rate flowing through the hollow wing airflow and similar water rivers.
 由于空心风翼是不对称的，其前端的曲率较大，后端的曲率较小，流过空心风翼上表面的气流就类似于较窄地方的流水，流速较快，而流过空心风翼下面的气流正好相反，类似于较宽地方的流水，流速较上表面的气流慢，根据流体力学的基本原理，流动慢的大气压强较大，而流动快的大气压较小，这样空心风翼下表面的压强就比上表面的压强高，换一句话说，就是大气施加于空心风翼下表面的压力（方向向上图I)比施加于空心风翼上表面的压力（方向向下图I)大，二者的压力差便形成了空心风翼在轴水平时前风轮翼产生升力。  Since the hollow wing is asymmetrical, the larger the curvature, the curvature of the rear end of the small, the upper surface of the wing flows through the hollow air flow is similar to the front end of the narrow flow areas, the flow rate of faster flow through hollow wing airflow below the contrary, similar to wide areas of water, air flow rate than the upper surface of the slow, according to the basic principles of fluid mechanics, slow flow of atmospheric pressure is large, and fast flow of atmospheric pressure is small, so hollow pressure wing lower surface than on the surface pressure is high, in other words, is that the atmospheric pressure applied to the hollow wing lower surface (the upward direction in Figure I) ratio is applied to the hollow wing surface pressure (downward direction in Figure I) large pressure difference between the two will form a hollow wing at the level before the shaft wind turbine wing to generate lift. 图1，在轴水平后空心风翼与上述原理相反，产生下降力，参加图2。 Figure 1, the horizontal axis in the hollow wing opposite to the above-mentioned principle, power generation declined to participate in Fig.
 空心风翼产生升力和下降力的原因，简单来说，电动车辆向前行驶得越快，空心风翼产生的气动力也就越大，当升力（图I所示)和下降力（图2所示)大于发电机磁场力(称为重力）时，就可以同步发电，当升力（图I所示）和下降力（图2所示）小于发电机磁场力（称为重力）时，在轴垂直时上空心风翼，参加图3，由电动车辆的向前作用力，产生推力。  The reason hollow wing to generate lift and drop the force, in short, the electric vehicle moving forward faster, aerodynamic hollow wing generate the greater, when the lift (as shown in Figure I) and falling force ( shown below) is greater than 2 generator field force (sometimes called gravity), you can sync generation, when the lift (as shown in Figure I) and falling force (shown below) is less than the magnetic force generator 2 (called gravity) when , perpendicular to the axis of the hollow wing, participate in Fig. 3, by the force of the forward electric vehicles, producing thrust.
 当轴垂直时，下空心风翼参见图4，一定的倾斜角(称为攻角或迎角)对称气流分隔开来流过并在空心风翼尾部产生一个涡系10，（称为卡门涡街)，就会产生回流脉冲，行成回力，参见图4。  When the vertical axis, the lower hollow wing Referring to Figure 4, a certain inclination angle (angle of attack or angle of attack known as) symmetrical airflow separates to flow through the hollow wing and tail produce a vortex 10, ( called Karman vortex street), it will produce reflux pulses into the back of the line, see Figure 4.
 根据上述方面的物理定律，纯电动车辆向前行驶阻力zuli，空气产生的向后作用力气流，经空心风翼图I、图2、图3、图4漂浮同步受力，是一门新学科，即同步力学，是空气动力学的一个分支，它主要研究漂浮物体，在同气体作相对运动情况下漂浮受力特性，气体流动规律和伴随发生的物理、化学变化。  According to the above aspect of the laws of physics, pure electric vehicle forward running resistance zuli, rearward force generated by the air stream, through the hollow wing Figure I, Figure 2, Figure 3, Figure 4 floating synchronous force, is a new discipline, namely synchronous mechanics, a branch of aerodynamics, it mainly studies floating objects in the same relative motion of gas floating force characteristics of the gas flow patterns and physical and chemical changes incidental. 它是流体力学的基础上发展成长起来的一门新学科。 It is the development of growing up on the basis of hydrodynamic a new discipline. 是指浮充机安装在纯电动车辆的前部进风位，利用行驶产生同步力学转换为空气动力能发电，一般约占纯电动车辆前部进风位< 75%。 Refers to the front of a float plane into the wind-bit pure electric vehicle, the use of driving the synchronized mechanical energy is converted to air power generation, general accounting section before pure electric vehicle into the wind to bits <75%.
 本发明的具体实施举例如下：  Examples of specific embodiments of the present invention is as follows:
 首先，将浮充机，安装在纯电动车辆的前部进风位，由纯电动车辆约行驶40km/h以上时速与风速19-20m/s时，四个空心风翼，前空心风翼A、上空心风翼B、后空心风翼C、下空心风翼D，受同步力作用下启动旋转带动发电机发电，提供纯电动车辆的负载与蓄电池组浮充工作。  First, the float machine, installed in front of the inlet position of pure electric vehicles, pure electric vehicles travel approximately 40km / h over the speed and wind speed 19-20m / s, the four hollow wing, front hollow wing A, the hollow wing B, after the hollow wing C, under the hollow wing D, by the force of the synchronous start rotating driven generator provides floating work load and battery electric vehicles.
 所述的前空心风翼Al固定在风翼轴5的旋转轮6的前部；  The front wing Al hollow portion of the rotating wheel fixed to the front wing shaft 5 of 6;
 所述的上空心风翼B2固定在风翼轴5的旋转轮6的上部； , wherein the upper portion of the hollow wing B2 fixed wing axis of rotation of the wheel 5, 6;
 所述的后空心风翼C3固定在风翼轴5的旋转轮6的后部；  After the hollow wing C3 fixed rear wing shaft 5 rotating wheel 6;
 所述的下空心风翼D4固定在风翼轴5的旋转轮6的下部； Under hollow wing D4  in the lower part of the fixed wing rotating wheel shaft 5 6;
 所述的发电机I 8和发电机II 9直接耦合风翼轴5两段法兰。  the generator and the generator II 9 I 8 wing shaft 5 is directly coupled two flanges.
 按上述步骤，本发明的浮充机参见图5和图6，安装在纯电动车辆前部进风位，经路况行驶测试，纯电动车辆行驶40km/h以上时速与风速19-20m/s时，四个空心风翼受同步力作用下启动旋转带动发电机发电，提供纯电动车辆的负载与蓄电池组浮充工作。  The above steps, float machine of the present invention Referring to FIG. 5 and 6, mounted on the front of the electric vehicle into the wind site, the road running test, pure electric vehicle is traveling 40km / h over the speed and wind speed 19-20m / s, four hollow wing forces start by the synchronous rotation driven generator, providing work load and battery float pure electric vehicle.
 本发明的浮充机用途：主要用于“和谐号”动车组，亦用于电动车辆，也使用无人飞行器，适用于游轮船等。  The present invention uses floating machine: mainly used for "Harmony" EMU, is also used in electric vehicles, but also the use of unmanned aircraft for travel and ships.
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