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Publication numberCN101300419 B
Publication typeGrant
Application numberCN 200680038594
PCT numberPCT/DK2006/000582
Publication date13 Jun 2012
Filing date17 Oct 2006
Priority date17 Oct 2005
Also published asCA2625997A1, CA2625997C, CN101300419A, CN102588206A, CN102588206B, CN102606388A, CN102606388B, DE602006011640D1, EP1945942A1, EP1945942B1, EP2163760A1, EP2172648A1, US8177517, US8469672, US8864473, US20090232656, US20120257982, US20130272891, WO2007045244A1
Publication number200680038594.9, CN 101300419 B, CN 101300419B, CN 200680038594, CN-B-101300419, CN101300419 B, CN101300419B, CN200680038594, CN200680038594.9, PCT/2006/582, PCT/DK/2006/000582, PCT/DK/2006/00582, PCT/DK/6/000582, PCT/DK/6/00582, PCT/DK2006/000582, PCT/DK2006/00582, PCT/DK2006000582, PCT/DK200600582, PCT/DK6/000582, PCT/DK6/00582, PCT/DK6000582, PCT/DK600582
InventorsP·格拉鲍
ApplicantLm玻璃纤维制品有限公司
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Blade for a wind turbine rotor
CN 101300419 B
Abstract
A blade (1) for a rotor of a wind turbine having a substantially horizontal' rotor shaft, said rotor comprising a hub, from which the blade extends substantially radially from said rotor when mounted. The blade (1) has a chord plane (K) extending between the leading edge (5) and the trailing edge (S) of the blade (1 ) . The blade (1) comprises a root area (2) closest to the hub, an airfoil area (4) furthest away from the hub and a transition area (3) between the root area (2) and the airfoil area (4), and comprises a single airfoil along substantially the entire airfoil area (4) . The blade (1) comprises at least a first root segment (7) and a second root segment (8) along substantially the entire root area (2) , said segments being arranged with a mutual distance, as seen transverse to the chord plane (K) . At least one of the root segments (7, 8) has an airfoil profile.
Claims(12)  translated from Chinese
1. 一种用于具有水平转子轴的风力涡轮机转子的叶片(1),所述转子包括毂,安装时叶片⑴从所述毂径向伸出,所述叶片⑴具有在所述叶片的前缘(5)和后缘(6)之间延伸的翼弦面(K),并且所述叶片(1)包括最靠近毂的根部区域(2)、距毂最远的翼面区域(4) 和在根部区域(2)和翼面区域(4)之间的过渡区域(3),并且所述叶片(1)包括沿着整个翼面区域(4)的单一翼面,其特征在于,叶片(1)包括沿着整个根部区域(2)的至少第一根部部分(7)和第二根部部分(8),所述部分布置成横向于翼弦面(K)具有一定的相互距离,而且根部部分(7,8)中的至少一个具有翼型,其中根部区域和过渡区域的总长在叶片总长的5%和25%之间,并且叶片⑴的根部区域(2)设置有沿圆周布置的多个安装孔(11)。 1. A blade for a wind turbine rotor with a horizontal rotor shaft (1), said rotor comprising a hub, installation ⑴ blade projecting radially from said hub, said blade having ⑴ front of the blade extends between the edge (5) and a trailing edge (6) of the wing chord plane (K), and the blade (1) comprises a root area closest to the hub (2), the farthest away from the hub of the airfoil area (4) and in the root region (2) and the airfoil area between the transition region (4) (3), and the blade (1) comprises along the entire airfoil area (4) of the single airfoil, characterized in that the blade (1) comprises along the entire root area (2) at least a first root portion (7) and a second root portion (8), said portion is arranged transverse to the chord plane (K) having a certain mutual distance, and root portion (7,8) having at least one airfoil, wherein the total length of the root region and the transition region between 5% and 25% of the total length of the blade, and the blade root region ⑴ (2) is provided with a circumferentially arranged a plurality of mounting holes (11).
2.根据权利要求1所述的叶片(1),其特征在于,叶片的翼弦面(K)沿叶片的纵向(L) 是扭曲的,其中所述扭曲在叶片的纵向(L)上可达80度。 2. Can according to claim 1, wherein the blade (1), characterized in that the blade chord plane (K) along the blade longitudinal direction (L) is twisted, wherein the twist in the blade longitudinal direction (L) on up to 80 degrees.
3.根据权利要求1或2所述的叶片(1),其特征在于,至少一个带有翼型的根部部分(7,8)的翼弦面(K1,K2)平行于最靠近毂的区域内的叶片本身的翼弦面(K)。 3. The blade (1) according to claim 1 or claim 2, characterized in that the chord plane (K1, K2) at least one airfoil with a root portion (7, 8) parallel to the area closest to the hub within the blade itself of the wing chord plane (K).
4.根据前述权利要求中任一项所述的叶片(1),其特征在于,第一和第二根部部分(7, 8)都具有翼型。 4. any one of the preceding claims, wherein the blade (1), characterized in that the first and second root portions (7, 8) have airfoil.
5.根据前述权利要求中任一项所述的叶片(1),其特征在于,至少一个带有翼型的根部部分(7,8)的翼弦面(Κ1,Κ2)具有恒定的宽度,过渡区域(3)的翼弦面(Κ3,Κ4)随着与毂的距离的增加而变宽,并且翼面区域的翼弦面(K)随着与毂的距离的增加而变窄。 The blade according to any one of (1) of the preceding claims, characterized in that at least one airfoil root portion (7,8) of the wing chord plane (Κ1, Κ2) with a constant width, transition region (3) of the wing chord plane (Κ3, Κ4) with increasing distance from the hub widened, and the wing chord plane (K) of the airfoil region with increasing distance from the hub of the narrowed.
6.根据前述权利要求中任一项所述的叶片(1),其特征在于,过渡区域(3)包括至少第一过渡部分(9)和第二过渡部分(10),在横向于翼弦面(K)看去时,所述部分布置成具有一定的相互距离,其中过渡部分(9,10)中的至少一个具有翼型。 The blade according to any one of (1) of the preceding claims, characterized in that the transition region (3) comprises at least a first transition portion (9) and a second transition portion (10), transverse to the chord surface (K) when viewed, the portion is arranged to have a certain mutual distance, wherein the transition portion (9, 10) having at least one airfoil.
7.根据权利要求6所述的叶片(1),其特征在于,至少一个带有翼型的过渡部分(9,10)的翼弦面(Κ1,Κ2)平行于过渡区域(3)和翼面区域(4)之间的过渡处的叶片本身的翼弦面⑷。 7. The blade (1) according to claim 6, characterized in that the chord plane (Κ1, Κ2) at least one airfoil with a transition portion (9, 10) parallel to the transition region (3) and the wing blade surface at the transition area (4) itself between the wing chord plane ⑷.
8.根据权利要求1-5中任一项所述的叶片(1),其特征在于,第一和第二根部部分(7, 8)在过渡区域C3)最靠近毂的部分处相连。 The blade according to any one of claims 1 to 5 (1) according to claim, characterized in that the first and second root portions (7, 8)) is connected to the hub of the closest portion of the transition region C3.
9.根据权利要求6或7所述的叶片(1),其特征在于,第一和第二根部部分(7,8)合并成为第一和第二过渡部分(9,10),其中第一和第二过渡部分(9,10)与过渡区域C3)距毂最远的部分相连。 9. A blade according to claim 6 or 7 (1), characterized in that the first and second root portions (7, 8) combined into a first and a second transition portion (9, 10), wherein the first and a second transition portion (9, 10) and a transition region C3) furthest away from the hub portion is connected.
10.根据前述权利要求中任一项所述的叶片(1),其特征在于,第一和第二根部部分(7,8)在根部区域O)的部分处相连形成公共的安装区域。 10. A blade according to any one of the preceding claims (1), characterized in that the first and second root portions (7, 8) at a portion of the root region O) is connected to form a common mounting area.
11.根据权利要求10所述的叶片(1),其特征在于,所述安装区域具有圆形的截面。 11. A blade according to claim 10, wherein (1), characterized in that the mounting region has a circular cross-section.
12.根据前述权利要求中任一项所述的叶片(1),其特征在于,叶片额外具有第一分开安装的叶片部件(15)和第二分开安装的叶片部件(16)。 12. A blade according to any one of the preceding claims (1), characterized in that the additional vanes having a blade member (15) and a second separately mounted blade part (16) a first separately mounted.
Description  translated from Chinese

用于风力涡轮机转子的叶片技术领域[0001 ] 本发明涉及一种用于具有基本水平转子轴的风力涡轮机转子的叶片,所述转子包括毂,安装时叶片从所述毂基本上径向伸出,所述叶片具有在所述叶片的前缘和后缘之间延伸的翼弦面,所述叶片包括最靠近毂的根部区域、距毂最远的翼面区域和在根部区域和翼面区域之间的过渡区域,并且所述叶片包括基本上沿着整个翼面区域的单一翼面。 Technical Field for a wind turbine rotor blade [0001] The present invention relates to a rotor for a wind turbine blade having a substantially horizontal rotor shaft, said rotor comprising a hub, when installing the blade extends substantially radially from the hub each blade has a chord plane extending between the leading and trailing edges of said blade, said blade comprising a root area closest to the hub, furthest away from the hub region and the airfoil in the root region and the airfoil region the transition region between the blade and comprises a single airfoil along substantially the entire airfoil area. 背景技术[0002] 理想地,翼面式叶片成形为类似于一般的飞机机翼的形状,随着与毂的距离的减少,这种叶片的翼弦面宽度以及它的一阶导数不断增加。 [0002] Desirably, the airfoil vane is shaped like a general shape of an airplane wing, with decreasing distance from the hub, which blade chord width of the surface and its first derivative is increasing. 这就导致所述叶片理想地在毂附近变得相当宽。 This results in the blade desirably becomes relatively wide in the vicinity of the hub. 这又导致在将叶片安装到毂上时会出现问题,此外,由于叶片表面积较大, 这会导致安装叶片时的显著载荷,例如风暴载荷。 This in turn results in the blade when mounted on the hub will have problems, in addition, due to the larger surface area of the blades, which causes a significant load when mounting the blade, such as storm loads. [0003] 因此,在过去数年里,叶片的结构已经朝着一种形状改进,在这种形状中,叶片包含最靠近毂的根部区域,距毂最远的翼面区域,和在根部区域和翼面区域之间的过渡区域。 [0003] Thus, in the past few years, the structure of the blade shape has been toward an improvement in this shape, the blade comprising a root area closest to the hub, the hub farthest from the airfoil region, and in the root region and the transition region between the wing surface area. 所述翼面区域具有理想的或者近乎理想的叶片形状,而根部区域具有基本上圆形的截面, 其能够减少风暴载荷并使得更容易和更安全地把叶片安装到毂上。 The airfoil area has an ideal or almost ideal blade shape, whereas the root region has a substantially circular cross section, which is capable of reducing the storm loads and more easily and safely mounting the blade to the hub. 优选所述根部区域直径是沿着所述整个根部区域恒定的。 Preferably the diameter of the root region along the entire root region constant. 由于所述圆形截面,所述根部区域并没有提高风力涡轮机的发电量,而事实上,由于风阻降低了一些发电量。 Due to the circular cross-section, the root region does not increase power output of the wind turbine, and in fact, due to the drag reducing some power generation. 顾名思义,所述过渡区域具有从根部区域的圆形形状逐渐变化到翼面区域的翼型的形状。 As the name suggests, the transition region from a circular shape having a gradual change in the root region to the airfoil shape of the airfoil region. 一般地,过渡区域的宽度随着与毂的距离的增加而基本上线性增加。 Generally, the width of the transition region with increasing distance from the hub increases substantially linearly. [0004] 众所周知,在飞机行业,带有两个机翼的飞机即通常所说的双翼飞机,通常比只有一个机翼的飞机更容易升空。 [0004] It is well known in the aircraft industry, the aircraft with two wings known as the biplane, usually more than just one wing of the aircraft easier to launch. 这允许在不增加机翼宽度的情况下增大飞机机翼的总升力。 This allows the wing without increasing the width of the case to increase the total lift aircraft wing. [0005] 结合风力涡轮机的叶片,也就是通过制造带有两个或更多转子的风力涡轮机也可获知这个原理。 [0005] The combination of blades of the wind turbine, that is, by producing a wind turbine rotor with two or more may also be informed of this principle. CA2395612描述了带有两个同轴转子的风力涡轮机,其中一个转子比另一个转子旋转更快。 CA2395612 describes a wind turbine with two coaxial rotors, one rotor rotation is faster than the other rotor. GB 7586¾描述了带有两个在相反方向上旋转的同轴转子的风力涡轮机。 GB 7586¾ describes a wind turbine with two coaxial rotors rotating in the opposite direction. [0006] W098/31934揭示了类似于双翼机设计的叶片。 [0006] W098 / 31934 discloses similar biplane designed blades. 所述叶片由通过横拉条相互连接的两个平行的翼梁构造而成。 The blade by two parallel by cross brace interconnected spar constructed. 在每个翼梁上安装两个流线型的元件,所述元件分别包括共同构成翼面的前缘和后缘。 Two streamlined elements installed on each spar, said elements each comprising a leading edge and a trailing edge together constitute the airfoil. [0007] US5161952揭示了一种用于风力涡轮机转子的双平面结构。 [0007] US5161952 discloses a dual-plane structure for a wind turbine rotor. 所述风力涡轮机设计成使得两个直叶片彼此以一定距离与所述转子的毂连接。 The wind turbine is designed so that two straight blades at a certain distance from the hub of the rotor connected to each other. 所述两个叶片的末端互相联接。 The ends of the two blades coupled with each other. 发明内容[0008] 本发明的目的是提供一种新的改进的叶片结构。 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION [0008] The object of the present invention is to provide a new and improved blade construction. [0009] 根据本发明,通过所述叶片和具有翼型的根部部分中的至少一个根部部分实现这个目的,所述叶片包括基本上沿整个根部区域的至少第一根部部分和第二根部部分,所述部分布置成具有横向于翼弦面的相互间距。 [0009] According to the present invention, to achieve this object is achieved by the blade having a root portion and at least one of the root portion of the airfoil, the blade along substantially the entire root area comprising at least a first root portion and a second root portion, The portions are arranged transverse to the chord plane with mutual spacing. 以这样的方式,所述带有翼型的根部部分有助于提高风力涡轮机的发电量。 In this manner, with the root portion of the airfoil helps to improve power output of the wind turbine. [0010] 根据本发明叶片的优选实施例,叶片的所述翼弦面在叶片的纵向上是扭曲的,其中所述扭曲可能在叶片的纵向上达到80度。 [0010] According to a preferred embodiment of the blade of the present invention, the chord plane of the blade in the longitudinal direction of the blade is twisted, wherein the twist may reach 80 degrees in the longitudinal direction of the blade. 一般地,所述扭曲在60和70度之间。 Typically, the twist is between 60 and 70 degrees. 通常情况下,所述扭曲的一阶导数随着与毂的距离的递减而增大,这就意味着,翼弦面Kl在根部区域2的扭曲优选相对较高。 Typically, the first derivative of the twist increases with decreasing distance from the hub increases, which means that the wing chord plane at the root area 2 Kl twist is preferably relatively high. [0011] 根据本发明的优选实施例,至少一个带有翼型的根部部分的翼弦面基本上平行于最靠近轮毂的区域内的叶片本身的翼弦面。 [0011] According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, at least one surface of the root portion of the chord of the airfoil is substantially parallel with the blade within the area closest to the hub itself chord plane. 更适宜地,叶片的翼弦面在叶片的纵向上是扭曲的,以补偿叶片随着与毂的距离的增加而增加的局部速度,这表明叶片根据距离毂的半径不同地“看到”风向。 More suitably, the chord plane of the blade in the longitudinal direction of the blade is twisted in order to compensate for the blade with increasing distance from the hub increases the local velocity, suggesting that the blade according to different radii from hub to "see" the wind direction . 这表明在该实施例中,翼弦面在根部区域的纵向上的路径是翼弦面在翼面区域和/或过渡区域的纵向上的路径的延续。 This indicates that in this embodiment, the path of the chord plane in the longitudinal direction of the root area is a continuation of the path of the chord plane in the longitudinal direction of the airfoil area and / or the transition region. [0012] 根据本发明的具体实施例,第一和第二根部部分都具有翼型。 [0012] Certain embodiments according to the present invention, the first and second root portions have airfoil. 这样,两个根部部分都有助于提高风力涡轮机的发电量,也可以这样设计使两部分的总贡献量与理想叶片的宽阔部分的贡献量相当。 Thus, both the root portion have helped improve power output of the wind turbine to be so designed so that the total contribution of the wide portion of the contribution of the two parts of the blade with the desired equivalent. [0013] 根据优选实施例,至少一个带有翼型的根部部分的翼弦面具有基本上恒定的宽度,过渡区域的翼弦面随着与毂的距离的增加而变宽,翼面区域的翼弦面随着与毂的距离的增加而变窄。 [0013] According to a preferred embodiment, the at least one chord of the airfoil surface with a root portion having a substantially constant width, the chord plane of the transition region with increasing distance from the hub of which is widened, the airfoil region wing chord plane with increasing distance from the hub of the narrowed. 这样,本发明的叶片就具有与常规叶片相当的形状,这样现有的叶片的模具可以被相对简易地修改以便能够制造新型叶片。 Thus, the present invention is the blade having a shape corresponding to conventional blades, so that existing blade mold can be relatively easily modified to enable the manufacture of new blades. [0014] 根据具体实施例,过渡区域包括至少第一过渡部分和第二过渡部分,在横向于翼弦面看去时,所述部分布置成具有一定的相互距离,其中过渡部分中的至少一个过渡部分具有翼型。 [0014] According to a particular embodiment, the transition region comprises at least a first transition portion and a second transition portion, in a plane transverse to the chord when viewed, the portions are arranged with a certain distance from each other, wherein at least one transition portion transition has airfoil. 更适宜地,在过渡区域和翼面区域之间的过渡处,至少一个带有翼型的过渡部分的翼弦面平行于叶片本身的翼弦面,并且优选两个过渡部分都具有翼型。 Chord transition surface portion is more suitably, at the transition between the transition region and the airfoil region, with at least one airfoil blade itself parallel to the chord plane, and two transition portions preferably have airfoil. [0015] 通常情况下,根部区域和过渡区域的总长度在叶片总长度的5%和35%之间,并且经常是在叶片总长度5%和25%之间,甚至是叶片总长度的5%和15%之间。 [0015] Typically, the total length of the root region and the transition region between 5% and 35% of the total length of the blade, and often the total length of the blade between 5% and 25%, and even the total length of the blade 5 % and 15% between. [0016] 根据本发明的优选实施例,第一和第二根部部分在过渡区域最靠近毂的部分处连接。 [0016] According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, portions of the first and the second root portion of the transition area closest to the hub connection. 这样,过渡区域可以具有与常规叶片相当的形状,而只有根部区域具有双叶型。 Thus, the transition region may have a shape corresponding to a conventional blade, while only the root area has a double lobe. [0017] 根据叶片的另一个实施例,第一和第二根部部分合并成为第一和第二过渡部分, 而第一和第二过渡部分与距毂最远的过渡区域的部分相连。 [0017] According to another embodiment of the blade, the first and second root portions merged first and second transition portions, and the first and second transition portion connected to the transition area furthest away from the hub portion. 这样,过渡区域也具有双重结构并且具有潜在的更大升力。 Thus, the transition area also has a dual structure and having a potentially greater lift. [0018] 根据优选实施例,在最靠近毂的根部区域的部分,第一和第二根部部分相连形成共同的安装区域。 [0018] According to a preferred embodiment, the portion of the root area closest to the hub, the first and second root portions connected to form a common mounting area. 更适宜地,这个安装区域具有基本圆形的横截面。 More suitably, the mounting area has a substantially circular cross-section. 这样,根据本发明的叶片可以具有与常规叶片相应的安装法兰,以便这些新式叶片装入到现有的毂中。 Thus, the blade according to the present invention may have a mounting flange corresponding to conventional blades so that these new blades mounted to an existing hub. [0019] 根据优选实施例,叶片由用壳体构成,所述壳体由玻璃纤维或者碳纤维加强的聚合物材料制成。 [0019] According to a preferred embodiment of the polymeric material, the blade constituted by a casing, said casing is reinforced by glass fibers or carbon fibers. 更适宜地,叶片设计成为单一的整体壳体。 More suitably, the blade designed as a single unitary housing. [0020] 可供选择的,至少一个带有翼型的根部部分可以有被分开安装的部分。 [0020] alternative, the at least one airfoil with a root portion can be separately installed part. 这个实施例的优越性在于,所述部分可以无需更换叶片而被用于现有的风力涡轮机,例如通过将这些部分安装到已安装叶片的根部部分。 The superiority of the embodiment is that the blade portion may be used without replacing the existing wind turbine, for example by mounting these parts to the installed blade root portion. 也很显然,不是所有根部部分都需要固定到毂上。 It is also evident that not all need to root portion fixed to the hub. 附图说明[0021] 下面参考附图详细地说明本发明,其中[0022] 图1显示了理想翼面式叶片的俯视图;[0023] 图1显示了常规翼面式叶片的透视图;和[0024] 图3-9显示根据本发明的叶片的不同实施例。 BRIEF DESCRIPTION [0021] The following describes the present invention in detail with reference to the drawings, wherein [0022] Figure 1 shows the ideal airfoil vane in plan view; [0023] Figure 1 shows a perspective view of a conventional airfoil blades; and [ 0024] Figure 3-9 shows the blade of the present invention according to different embodiments. 具体实施方式[0025] 图1显示了理想翼面式叶片20的实施例。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION [0025] Figure 1 shows an embodiment of an ideal blade 20 of the airfoil. 所述叶片具有适合固定到风力涡轮机的毂上的根部部件21。 Said blade having a root section 21 of the hub on a wind turbine adapted to be secured to. 所述理想的叶片20设计成叶片20的宽度随着与毂之间距离L的增加而减少。 The ideal blade 20 is designed to have a width of the blade 20. As the distance between the hub and the increase in L is reduced. 此外,叶片20的宽度的一阶导数也随着与毂20的距离的增加而减少,这意味着,理想状态下,叶片20在根部区域21是很宽的。 In addition, the width of the first derivative of the blade 20 also increases with the distance from the hub 20 is reduced, which means that, ideally, the blade 20 in the root region 21 is very wide. 这就引起如何将叶片20固定到毂上的问题。 This leads to the problem of blade 20 is fixed to the hub. 此外,安装时,由于所述叶片20的表面面积很大,叶片20以很大的风暴载荷冲击所述毂。 In addition, the installation, due to the large surface area of the blade 20, the blade 20 to impact a large storm loads the hub. [0026] 因此,在过去数年里,叶片的结构已经朝着一种形状改进,其中,叶片的外部部分对应理想的叶片20,而根部区域的表面面积与理想的叶片相比被显著缩小。 [0026] Thus, in the past few years, the structure of the blade has been toward an improved shape, wherein the external part of the blade corresponds to the ideal blade 20, which is significantly reduced compared to the ideal blade surface area of the root region. 这个实施例在图1中以虚线示出,其透视图显示在图2中。 The embodiment shown in Figure 1 is shown in dashed lines, a perspective view thereof shown in Figure 2. [0027] 从图2可以看出,所述常规叶片1包括最靠近所述毂的根部区域2、距所述毂最远的翼面区域4和在根部区域2和翼面区域4之间的过渡区域3。 [0027] As can be seen from Figure 2, the conventional blade 1 comprises a root region 4 between the two closest to said hub, said hub farthest away from the airfoil region 4 and in the root area 2 and the airfoil area transition region 3. 叶片1包括当叶片安装到毂上时朝向叶片1的旋转方向的前缘5,和面向前缘5的相反方向的后缘6。 When the blade 1 comprises a blade 1 toward the rotation direction of the blade leading edge 5 mounted on the hub, the leading edge and the trailing edge facing opposite to the direction 5 of the 6. 所述翼面区域4具有理想的或者近乎理想的叶片形状,而根部区域2具有基本上圆形的截面,其能够减少风暴载荷并且使得更容易和更安全地将叶片1安装到毂上。 The airfoil area 4 has an ideal or almost ideal blade shape, whereas the root area 2 has a substantially circular cross section, which is capable of reducing the storm loads and makes it easier and safer to the blade 1 is mounted on the hub. 更适宜地,根部区域2的直径沿着整个根部区域2是恒定的。 More suitably, the diameter along the entire root area 2 root area 2 is constant. 所述过渡区域3具有一个逐渐从根部区域2的圆形形状转换到翼面区域4的翼型的形状。 Said transition region 3 having a gradual transition from circular shape of the root region 2 to the region 4 of the airfoil airfoil shape. 过渡区域3的宽度随着与所述毂的距离L的增加基本上线性增加。 With the width of the transition region 3 and the hub distance L increases substantially linearly increases. [0028] 所述翼面区域4具有翼型,该翼型带有在叶片1的前缘5和后缘6之间延伸的翼弦面K。 [0028] The airfoil area 4 has an airfoil, the airfoil having surfaces extending in chord between the leading edge 5 and the trailing edge 6 of the blade 1 K. 所述翼弦面的宽度随着与所述毂的距离L的增加而减少。 The width of the chord plane with increasing distance from the hub L is reduced. 应该注意,所述翼弦面没有必要在其整个区域上直线延伸,因为叶片可能扭曲和/或弯曲,由此为翼弦面提供对应扭曲和/或弯曲的路线,这是最常出现的情形,以便补偿取决于距离毂的半径的所述叶片的局部速度。 It should be noted, is not necessary to the wing chord plane extending straight over the entire region, because the blade may be distorted and / or curved, thus providing the corresponding twisted and / or curved line as a chord plane, which is the most frequently occurring situation The local velocity of the blade, depending on the distance of the hub in order to compensate for the radius. [0029] 由于圆形截面,根部区域2并没有促进风力涡轮机的发电量,事实上却由于风阻而降低少许发电量。 [0029] Since the circular cross-section, the root area 2 does not facilitate generation of the wind turbine, in fact due to the wind resistance is reduced a little electricity. 因此,本发明的想法是把所述根部区域2和可选的过渡区域3分成为两个或更多部分,这样这些部分中的至少一个部分具有为叶片1的这一部分提供升力的叶型,从而有助于提高风力涡轮机的发电量。 Thus, the idea of the present invention is to the root area 2 and optionally a transition area 3 into two or more sub-portions, so that these portions having at least one portion that provides lift to the airfoil portion of the blade 1, thus contributing to power generation of the wind turbine. [0030] 图3A显示了根据本发明的叶片的第一个实施例,其中朝向前缘5观察所述叶片, 而图3B显示沿着线BB的截面,图3C显示沿着图3A的线CC的截面,其中截面CC位于根部区域2和过渡区域3之间的过渡部分。 [0030] Figure 3A shows a blade according to a first embodiment of the present invention, wherein the blade leading edge 5 toward the observation, while Figure 3B shows the cross section along line BB, Figure 3C shows along the line CC in FIG. 3A cross section, wherein the cross-section CC 3 located in the transition portion between the root area 2 and the transition zone. 根据该实施例,根部区域2被分成第一根部部分7 和第二根部部分8,而过渡区域3被分成第一过渡部分9和第二的过渡部分10。 According to this embodiment, the root area 2 is divided into a first root portion 7 and the second root portion 8, and the transition area 3 is divided into a portion 9 and a second transition of the first transition portion 10. 所述两个过渡部分9和10在过渡区域3和翼面区域4之间的过渡部分连接起来。 The two transition portions 9 and 10 at the transition portion 3 and the airfoil area between the transition region 4 are connected. 结果,在所述各个部分之间就形成了缝隙17。 As a result, between the various parts of the gap 17 is formed. 另外,这些部分可以通过安装在所述部分之间的缝隙17内的加强装置相互连接。 In addition, these parts can be mounted on the reinforcing means by the gap 17 between the inner portion of the interconnection. 这些加强装置可以例如被设置成如钢制的格子结构,还可以提供有例如所谓的降阻叶型,其中该叶型的横截面具有对称的下降形状。 These stiffening means may for example be arranged as a steel grid structure, for example, may also be provided with a so-called reduction in resistance of the airfoil, wherein the airfoil cross-section has a symmetrical drop shape. 这样,减小了加强装置的风阻,并且可以降低噪音的进入。 Thus, the stiffening means is reduced drag, and can reduce noise enters. [0031] 图;3B显示该叶片的安装区域。 [0031] FIG.; 3B shows the installation area of the blade. 在这个区域的叶片部分的叶型形成使得所述叶型位于带有圆形根部部分(用虚线12示出)的相应的常规叶片之内。 In the airfoil blade portion of the region is formed within said airfoil located such that corresponding conventional blade with circular root part (shown by broken lines 12) of the. 第一根部部分7在包括翼弦面Kl的安装区域内具有翼型,而第二个根部部分8具有能够减少该部分风阻的叶型,其对风力涡轮机的发电量不必起到促进作用。 The first root portion 7 having a chord in the plane including the mounting region Kl airfoil, while the second root portion 8 having a portion capable of reducing the drag of the airfoil, its power output of the wind turbine does not have to play a catalytic role. 第一根部部分7合并成也具有包括翼弦面K3的翼型的第一过渡部分9。 7 are combined into a first root portion also includes a transition having a first chord plane K3 airfoil portion 9. 第二根部部分8合并成为第二过渡部分10,并且从安装区域的已降低风阻的叶型逐渐转变成为在第二过渡部分10包括翼弦面K4的实际翼型。 The second root portion 8 merged into the second transition section 10, and the mounting area has been reduced drag airfoil gradually transformed into the second transition section 10 K4 include actual airfoil chord face. 该叶片的翼弦面K通常沿着叶片的纵向扭曲以补偿叶片的局部速度。 The chord of the blade surface K usually twisted along the longitudinal direction of the blade to compensate for the local velocity of the blade. 因此,翼弦面K1、K3和K4 的路线是叶片在翼面区域4的翼弦面K的路线的延续。 Therefore, chord plane K1, K3 and K4 route is the blade airfoil surface area of 4 K chord line continuation. [0032] 叶片的翼弦面K可以沿叶片纵向扭曲到75-80度,但是通常情况下是在60和70 度之间。 [0032] The chord of the blade may be longitudinally twisted surface K along the blade to 75-80 degrees, but usually is between 60 and 70 degrees. 通常,该扭曲的一阶导数会随着与毂的距离的递减而增加,这表明在根部区域2的翼弦面Kl的扭曲更适宜相对较高。 Typically, the first derivative of the twist will be decreasing as the distance from the hub increases, which indicates that distortions in the root region of the wing chord plane Kl 2 is more suitable for relatively high. [0033] 第一根部部分7和第二根部部分8在安装区域具有许多安装孔11。 [0033] The first root portion 7 and the second root portion 8 in the attachment region having a plurality of mounting holes 11. 这些孔11的位置与带有圆形根部部分12的常规叶片上的位置相同。 These holes 11 have the same location with the circular root portion 12 of a conventional blade of the same. 这样根据本发明的新叶片可以安装在常规的毂上,并以简易的方式在更换期间替换现有的叶片。 Thus the new blade according to the present invention can be installed on a conventional hub, and a simple way to replace existing blades during replacement. [0034] 图4和5分别显示了本发明的第二和第三实施例,它们是图3所示实施例的变型。 [0034] Figures 4 and 5 show the second and third embodiments of the present invention, which is a modification of the embodiment shown in FIG. 3. 因此,这里只论述差异之处。 So here's the difference between just discussed. 如图4显示的第二实施例,第二根部部分81在安装区域内同样具有包括翼弦面Κ2的翼型。 FIG. 4 shows a second embodiment, the second root portion 81 within the mounting region also has a wing chord plane Κ2 include airfoil. 此外,如图4Β清楚示出的,所述根部部分81的叶型延伸到根部部件12的常规圆形叶型以外。 In addition, best shown in FIG. 4Β, the root portion 81 extends into the root portion of the airfoil section of the airfoil 12 of a conventional circular outside. 该附图也显示了两个部分的翼弦面可以相互呈一定角度。 This figure also shows the two parts of the wing chord plane may be mutually angled. [0035] 根据附图5显示的第三个实施例,第一和第二根部部分72,82以及第一和第二过渡部分92,IO2都有对称的叶型。 [0035] According to the third embodiment shown in Figure 5, the first and second root portions 72, 82 and first and second transition portion 92, IO2 has a symmetrical airfoil. 示出所述叶型具有与叶片旋转方向平行的翼弦面,然而所述叶型可更适宜与旋转方向成一定的角度,该角度的选取决定于使升力增大到最大值。 Shows the airfoil having a rotational direction of the blade parallel to the chord plane, however, the airfoil may be more suitable to the rotation direction a certain angle, the angle being chosen so that the decision to lift increases to a maximum. [0036] 如附图5Β所示,第一根部部分72和第二根部部分82都延伸到常规根部部分12的圆形叶型以外。 [0036] As 5Β shown in the drawings, a first root portion 72 and the second root portion 82 extends into a conventional circular airfoil root portion 12 outside. 最后,应当指出附图4和5以及附图3显示的实施例的根部部分的每一个都并入相应的过渡部分(92,93,IO2, IO3),所述部分在过渡区域3和翼面区域4之间的过渡处连接形成公共的叶型。 Finally, it should be noted that each of the root portion of the embodiment of Figures 4 and 5, and Figure 3 shows the transition section are incorporated into the corresponding (92,93, IO2, IO3), the airfoil portion 3 and the transition region 4 at the transition area between the leaves to form a common type. [0037] 附图6显示了叶片的第四实施例,其中第一根部部分73和第二根部部分83在安装区域22连接在一起。 [0037] Figure 6 shows a fourth embodiment of the blade, wherein the first root portion 73 and the second root portion 83 in the mounting region 22 are connected together. 如附图6Β所示,安装区域22是圆形的并包含安装孔11,该叶片通过所述孔被螺栓固定到毂上。 As shown in the drawings 6Β, the mounting area 22 is circular and contains mounting holes 11, the bolt through the aperture blades are fixed to the hub. 该叶片适用于常规的毂,这样也可以在更新期间替换已安装在风力涡轮机上的现有叶片。 The blade is suitable for a conventional hub, so you can replace existing blades on already installed wind turbines during the update. [0038] 附图7显示了叶片的第五实施例,其中第一根部部分74和第二根部部分84在安装区域22相连,但是这两个部分并没有在距毂的一定距离处连接,而是作为具有不同长度的两个分离叶片部件出现。 [0038] Figure 7 shows a fifth embodiment of the blade, wherein the first root portion 74 and the second root portion 84 is connected to the mounting region 22, but the two parts are not connected at some distance from the hub, and as two separate blade parts with different lengths occur. 显然如附图7所示,不同的根部部分不必具有同样的厚度。 7 as clearly shown in the drawings, the different root portion need not have the same thickness. [0039] 附图8显示了叶片的第六实施例,其中第一、第二、和第三根部部分75,85,13分别合并成为第一、第二和第三过渡部分95,IO5,14。 [0039] Figure 8 shows a sixth embodiment of the blade, wherein the first, second, and third root portion 75,85,13 are merged to form a first, second, and third transition portion 95, IO5,14 . 在这里显示出第一和第二根部部分75,85以及第一和第二过渡部分95,IO5具有减少这些部分的风阻的形状,同时第三根部部分13和第三过渡部分14具有现有的翼型。 Here shows the first and second root portions 75, 85 and first and second transition portion 95, IO5 reduce drag of these portions having a shape, while the third root portion 13 and the third transition portion 14 has a conventional airfoil. 然而,这些叶型可都具有增加相应区域的升力的叶型,从而也增加风力涡轮机的发电量。 However, the airfoil may have to increase the lift of the corresponding region of the airfoil, thus increasing the power output of the wind turbine. 当然,所述三个根部部分75,85,13可如附图6和7所示那样在安装区域连接。 Of course, the three root portions 75,85,13 may be as in Fig. 6 and Fig. 7 in the mounting area connection. [0040] 附图9显示了与附图6的实施例相对应的实施例,但是其中叶片额外具有第一分开安装的叶片部件15和第二分开安装的叶片部件16。 [0040] Figure 9 shows the embodiment of Figure 6 corresponds to the embodiment, but wherein the additional blade member having a first separately mounted blade 15 and a second separately mounted blade part 16. 所述分开安装的叶片部件15,16通过许多保持装置18被分别地安装在第一和第二根部部分73,83上。 The separately mounted blade parts 15, 16 by a number of holding means 18 are respectively mounted on the first and the second root portion 73, 83. 所述叶片部件15和16 沿着根部区域2延伸,也可以选择沿着叶片的过渡区域3延伸。 The blade member 15 and 16 extend along the root area 2, 3 can also be selected to extend along the transition region of the blade. 叶片本身不一定要有两个根部部分和/或过渡部分,但是可以有这样的形状,即其中没有缝隙17,没有根部部分和/ 或过渡部分,在这种情况下,叶片的根部区域和过渡区域相当于常规的叶片。 Blade itself does not necessarily have two root portion and / or the transition portion, but can have such a shape, i.e., wherein there is no gap 17, no portion and / or the transition portion roots, in this case, the root area of the blade and the transition region corresponds to a conventional blade. 这个实施例的优越性在于分开安装的叶片部件15,16能够被安装,而不需更换在已安装的风力涡轮机上的叶片。 The superiority of the embodiment is that the separately mounted blade parts 15, 16 can be installed without the need for replacement of the installed wind turbine blades. 所述保持装置可形成具有例如用于降低风阻和噪声进入的降阻叶型。 The holding device may have, for example for the formation of reducing drag and drop into the noise barrier blades. [0041] 本发明已经对优选方案进行了描述。 [0041] The preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described. 由此也可以想到没有偏离本发明的范围的许多改进。 It can also think of many improvements have not deviated from the scope of the present invention. 对本领域的技术人员显而易见的改进和变化被认为落入本发明的范围之内。 Those skilled in the art of the obvious modifications and variations are considered to fall within the scope of the present invention. 例如, 附图9显示的实施例可只有单个分开安装的叶片部件。 For example, the embodiment shown in Figure 9 may be only a single separately mounted blade part. 也可以想到这样的实施例:其中各个部分具有单独的叶片角调节。 Also conceivable such an embodiment: wherein each portion having a separate blade angle regulation. [0042] 附图标记列表[0043] 1 叶片[0044] 2根部区域[0045] 3过渡区域[0046] 4翼面区域[0047] 5 前缘[0048] 6 后缘[0049] 7第一根部部分[0050] 8第二根部部分[0051] 9第一过渡部分[0052] 10第二过渡部分[0053] 11安装孔[0054] 12圆形根部部分[0055] 13第三根部部分[0056] 14第四根部部分[0057] 15第一分开安装的叶片部件[0058] 16第二分开安装的叶片部件[0059] 17 缝隙[0060] 18保持装置[0061] 20 叶片[0062] 21根部部分[0063] 22安装区域[0064] Kx翼弦面[0065] L 纵向 [0042] List of reference numerals [0043] 1 blade [0044] 2 root area [0045] 3 transition region [0046] 4 wing surface area [0047] 5 leading edge [0048] 6 trailing edge of the [0049] 7 first root [0051] The first transition portions 9 [0050] The second root section 8 [0052] 10 second transition portion [0053] 11 mounting holes [0054] 12 circular root section [0055] The third root portion 13 [0056] The fourth root portion 14 [0057] The first blade member 15 blade components installed separately [0058] 16 second installed separately [0059] 17 gap [0060] 18 holding device [0061] 20 blades [0062] 21 root section [ 0063] 22 mounting area [0064] Kx chord surface [0065] L vertical

Patent Citations
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Classifications
International ClassificationF03D1/06
Cooperative ClassificationF03D1/0658, F05B2240/301, Y02E10/721, F05B2260/97, F03D1/0641, F01D5/12
European ClassificationF03D1/06B6B, F03D1/06C2
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